HUMMINGBIRD CHECKLISTS
by STATE (U.S.)

Scroll down for a complete list of hummingbird species found in each state. Only Hawaii has no hummingbird species at all.

Lists are compiled primarily from official checklists approved by states' ornithological records committees; in some cases, published lists may lag behind species confirmed by hummingbird banders. Status terminology below (e.g., "provisional," "hypothetical," etc.) is based upon that used by each state's committee and may vary from state to state. For some states, "n" means the species breeds there.

Links are provided to on-site photos to help with field identification of many species.

Please contact the WEBMASTER with corrections or additions and especially if a species that nests is a particular state is not so indicated below.

PLEASE NOTE:

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds appear in GREEN if they breed in that state, in RED if they are rare there or simply pass through in migration.

Although casual observers in the western U.S. frequently report "ruby-throats" at their feeders, it's important to remember males of several species have metallic red throat feathers but are NOT Ruby-throated Hummingbirds. Even more complications with identification can result because females and young males of many species look even more like female or young male Ruby-throated Hummingbirds. Please be very cautious with identification.

(updated 27 August 2008)


ALABAMA (12)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  10. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  11. Blue-throated Hummingbird (hypothetical) --PHOTOS
  12. Broad-billed Hummingbird (banded, not yet official) --PHOTOS

ALASKA (5)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  2. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Costa's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Rufous Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS

ARIZONA (18)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. White-eared Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Berylline Hummingbird, n
  4. Cinnamon Hummingbird
  5. Violet-crowned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  6. Blue-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  7. Magnificent Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  8. Plain-capped Starthroat --PHOTOS
  9. Lucifer Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  10. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (one overwintered in Tucson in 2004-2005; not yet official) --PHOTOS
  11. Black-chinned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  12. Anna's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  13. Costa's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  14. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  15. Bumblebee Hummingbird
  16. Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  17. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  18. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

ARKANSAS (9)

  1. Green Violetear (6 reports) --PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird (1 in 1993) --PHOTOS
  3. Magnificent Hummingbird (1 in 1993) --PHOTOS
  4. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Black-chinned Hummingbird (5) --PHOTOS
  6. Anna's Hummingbird (4) --PHOTOS
  7. Calliope Hummingbird (3) --PHOTOS
  8. Broad-tailed Hummingbird (3) --PHOTOS
  9. Rufous Hummingbird (50+) --PHOTOS

CALIFORNIA (13+1)

  1. Green Violetear (photographed, not accepted) --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Xantus's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Violet-crowned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Blue-throated Hummingbird, n (rare) --PHOTOS
  6. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  8. Black-chinned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  9. Anna's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  10. Costa's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  11. Calliope Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  12. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  13. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  14. Allen's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS

COLORADO (11)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Blue-throated Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  6. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Costa's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  10. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  11. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

CONNECTICUT (4)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (photo Aug 2008; under review; possibly same bird banded in Massachusetts) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Calliope Hummingbird (one accepted record, 2006) --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

DELAWARE (4)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Allen’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (3)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

FLORIDA (10)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Bahama Woodstar
  4. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  10. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

GEORGIA (9)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

HAWAII (0)


IDAHO (8)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (banded, not yet official) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE; one banded, not yet official) --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  5. Costa's Hummingbird (banded, not yet official) --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS

ILLINOIS (4)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Rufous Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS
  4. Allen's Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS

INDIANA (3)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

IOWA (4)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS

KANSAS (9)

  1. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (very uncommon, except in migration in eastern sections), n? --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Costa's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

KENTUCKY (4)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

LOUISIANA (12)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Buff-bellied Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Blue-throated Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  7. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  10. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  11. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  12. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

MAINE (1+1)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Calliope Hummingbird (photographed on 6 Oct 2005, not yet accepted ) --PHOTOS

MARYLAND (2)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

MASSACHUSETTS (6)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (banded Aug 2008; under review; possibly same bird observed in Connecticut) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

MICHIGAN (5)

  1. Green Violetear (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. White-eared Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Rufous Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS

MINNESOTA (7) updated 1 OCT 2006

  1. Green Violetear (accidental; 2 records, 2004 & 2005) --PHOTOS
  2. Magnificent Hummingbird (accidental; 3 records, all Jun) --PHOTOS
  3. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird (accidental; 3 records, Oct thru 26 Dec) --PHOTOS
  5. Costa's hummingbird (accidental; 1 record, Nov) --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird (accidental; 1 record, Nov-Dec) --PHOTOS
  7. Rufous Hummingbird (accidental; at least 13 records) --PHOTOS

MISSISSIPPI (9)

  1. White-eared Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Anna’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

MISSOURI (6)

  1. Green Violetear (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS
  5. Calliope Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  6. Rufous Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS

MONTANA (7)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Anna’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Costa’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

NEBRASKA (4)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (very uncommon, except in migration in eastern sections), n? --PHOTOS
  2. Calliope Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS

NEVADA (9)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Magnificent Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Costa’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Allen’s Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS

NEW HAMPSHIRE (2)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

NEW JERSEY (5)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

NEW MEXICO (17)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. White-eared Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  4. Berylline Hummingbird (rare)
  5. Cinnamon Hummingbird (rare)
  6. Violet-crowned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Blue-throated Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  8. Magnificent Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  9. Lucifer Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  10. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  11. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  12. Anna's Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  13. Costa's Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  14. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  15. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  16. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  17. Allen's Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS

NEW YORK (4)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

NORTH CAROLINA (11)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Green-breasted Mango --PHOTOS
  4. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  6. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  9. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  10. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  11. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

NOTE: Bill Hilton Jr. of Operation RubyThroat has banded three vagrant hummingbird species in North Carolina: Black-chinned, Calliope, and Rufous. For details, see Vagrant & Winter Hummingbird Banding.


NORTH DAKOTA (1)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS

OHIO (5)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

OKLAHOMA (8)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

OREGON (8)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Anna's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Costa's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

PENNSYLVANIA (3)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Calliope Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Rufous Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS

RHODE ISLAND (1)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS

SOUTH CAROLINA (8)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (two state records; one banded Jan 2008 in Rockville south of Charleston by Bill Hilton Jr. of Operation RubyThroat; see First South Carolina Banding Record)--PHOTOS
  2. Buff-bellied Hummingbird (one state record; banded Dec 2001 in Columbia by Bill Hilton Jr. of Operation RubyThroat; see First South Carolina Record) --PHOTOS
  3. Blue-throated Hummingbird (provisional) --PHOTOS
  4. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
NOTE: Bill Hilton Jr. of Operation RubyThroat has banded five vagrant hummingbird species in South Carolina: Black-chinned, Calliope, Broad-billed, Buff-bellied, and Rufous. For details, see Vagrant & Winter Hummingbird Banding.

SOUTH DAKOTA (4)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  2. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  3. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

TENNESSEE (7)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Black-chinned Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Anna's Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  4. Calliope Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  5. Broad-tailed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  6. Rufous Hummingbird (regular) --PHOTOS
  7. Allen's Hummingbird (casual) --PHOTOS

TEXAS (18)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Green-breasted Mango --PHOTOS
  3. Broad-billed Hummingbird, n? (adult "pairs" seen) --PHOTOS
  4. White-eared Hummingbird, n? (recent fledglings seen) --PHOTOS
  5. Berylline Hummingbird
  6. Buff-bellied Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  7. Violet-crowned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Blue-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  9. Magnificent Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  10. Lucifer Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  11. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  12. Black-chinned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  13. Anna's Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  14. Costa's Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  15. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  16. Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  17. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  18. Allen's Hummingbird --PHOTOS

UTAH (8)

  1. Broad-billed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Magnificent Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird (rare winter visitor) --PHOTOS
  5. Costa's Hummingbird, n (breeds only in Washington County) --PHOTOS
  6. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  8. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

VERMONT (2)

  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Rufous Hummingbird (7 records through spring 2005) --PHOTOS

VIRGINIA (5)

  1. Green Violetear --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Allen’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS

WASHINGTON (6)

  1. Black-chinned Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  2. Anna’s Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Costa’s Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  4. Calliope Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  5. Broad-tailed Hummingbird (rare) --PHOTOS
  6. Rufous Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS

WEST VIRGINIA (3 + 1)

  1. Green Violetear (one record) --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird (banded Dec 2006; not yet official --PHOTOS
  4. Rufous Hummingbird (first state banding on Dec 2006 by Bill Hilton Jr. of Operation RubyThroat; not yet official; see Scarbro WV) --PHOTOS

WISCONSIN (5)

  1. Green Violetear (accidental) --PHOTOS
  2. Broad-billed Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  3. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, n --PHOTOS
  4. Anna's Hummingbird (accidental) --PHOTOS
  5. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

WYOMING (7)

  1. Magnificent Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  2. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (RARE) --PHOTOS
  3. Black-chinned Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  4. Anna’s Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  5. Calliope Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  6. Broad-tailed Hummingbird --PHOTOS
  7. Rufous Hummingbird --PHOTOS

Back to Other Hummingbird Species Page

Up to Top of Page


NOTE: Although Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the primary focus of "Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project", we are also interested in other hummingbird species--especially vagrants that appear in winter (mid-October through mid-March) in the eastern U.S. If you know of a wintering hummingbird east of the Mississippi, please report it to the Research Department at Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History. We will contact a local hummingbird bander about capturing the bird, identifying and banding it, and releasing it unharmed.

If you found this information useful or interesting, please
Support

Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History
&
Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project
It's painless, and YOU can make a difference!

Just CLICK on a logo below.

Make direct donations on-line through
Network for Good:
LIKE TO SHOP ON-LINE?
Donate a portion of your purchase price from 500+ top on-line stores via iGive:
Use your PayPal account
to make direct donations:

Share Your Hummingbird Experiences Through "Hummingbird Hobnob"


Operation
RubyThroat's
On-Site
Search Engine


Operation RubyThroat is a registered trademark of Bill Hilton Jr. and Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History in York, South Carolina USA, phone (803) 684-5852. Contents of the overall project and this website--including photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in any way except with the express written permission of the author. To obtain permission or for further assistance on accessing this website, contact Webmaster.