Checklist of Hummingbirds of

The following 27 species of hummingbirds have been reported from UNITED STATES; three species are rare or accidental and one is endemic.

Taxonomy is after Clements 5th edition (updated 2004).

Click on the word "PHOTOS" below for illustrations of selected hummingbird species.(NOTE: If you have a clear photo of any of the species below and would like to submit it for posting on this Operation RubyThroat Web site, please send it via E-mail to PROJECTS with photographer's name, date & location of photo, and anecdotal info about the bird.)

Species in GREEN have been captured in the U.S. as part of Operation RubyThroat research activities.

  1. Green Violet-ear, Colibri thalassinus --PHOTOS
  2. Green-breasted Mango, Anthracothorax prevostii --PHOTOS
  3. Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax nigricollis
  4. Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Orthorhyncus cristatus
  5. Cuban Emerald, Chlorostilbon ricordii --PHOTOS
  6. Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris --PHOTOS
  7. Xantus's Hummingbird, Hylocharis xantusii (Rare or Accidental) --PHOTOS
  8. White-eared Hummingbird, Hylocharis leucotis --PHOTOS
  9. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, Amazilia tzacatl
  10. Buff-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia yucatanensis --PHOTOS
  11. Cinnamon Hummingbird, Amazilia rutila
  12. Violet-crowned Hummingbird, Amazilia violiceps --PHOTOS
  13. Berylline Hummingbird, Saucerottia beryllina
  14. Blue-throated Hummingbird, Lampornis clemenciae --PHOTOS
  15. Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird, Heliodoxa fulgens --PHOTOS
  16. Plain-capped Starthroat, Heliomaster constantii --PHOTOS
  17. Bahama Woodstar, Calliphlox evelynae (Rare or Accidental)
  18. Lucifer Hummingbird, Calothorax lucifer --PHOTOS
  19. Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris --PHOTOS
  20. Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri --PHOTOS
  21. Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna --PHOTOS
  22. Costa's Hummingbird, Calypte costae --PHOTOS
  23. Bumblebee Hummingbird, Atthis heloisa (Rare or Accidental)
  24. Calliope Hummingbird, Stellula calliope --PHOTOS
  25. Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus --PHOTOS
  26. Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus --PHOTOS
  27. Allen's Hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin (Endemic) --PHOTOS

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NOTE: Although Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the primary focus of "Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project", we are also interested in other hummingbird species--especially vagrants that appear in winter (mid-October through mid-March) in the eastern U.S. If you know of a wintering hummingbird east of the Mississippi, please report it to the Research Department at Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History. We will contact a local hummingbird bander about capturing the bird, identifying and banding it, and releasing it unharmed.

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Operation RubyThroat is a registered trademark of Bill Hilton Jr. and Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History in York, South Carolina USA, phone (803) 684-5852. Contents of the overall project and this website--including photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in any way except with the express written permission of the author. To obtain permission or for further assistance on accessing this website, contact Webmaster.