Consider the Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). It is a living thing--an animal, a vertebrate, a bird--so in many schools it is something that would only be studied during life science or biology class. Through Operation RubyThroat, we hope teachers and students in all disciplines and from all grade levels will use the hummingbird as a way to teach and learn and find enrichment in areas outside science, especially creative venues like art, drama, music, and writing. And, since mathematics is so important in quantifying and understanding the natural world that surrounds us, we hope math teachers as well will employ the life of the hummingbird as a way to stimulate comprehension by their students.

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are also appropriate topics for learning in diverse other disciplines. Since they migrate from the U.S. to Central America, for example, they can help students understand geography. Because they spend more months each year in Mexico and Honduras, they lend themselves to learning about Latin cultures and the Spanish language. And, since Operation RubyThroat is World Wide Web-based, involvement in the project itself encourages students to polish on-line technology skills for something other than just playing games.

On the pages linked to the icons below, we indicate several academic disciplines are already part of the cross-disciplinary activities of Operation RubyThroat. We also reference for each activity which of Howard Gardner's eight "Multiple Intelligences" are involved, especially since current school curriculum reform is often based on Gardner's theories.

Click on the disciplines below for suggestions about how to use hummingbird science to enable your students to extend their reach and expand their horizons. And don't forget to share your students' successes by submitting their work to Operation RubyThroat via PROJECTS.







NOTE: Teachers and their student groups, individual students, and others who are registered participants with Operation RubyThroat get priority attention to all requests for information and assistance. To register, see How to Participate.

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Operation RubyThroat is a registered trademark of Bill Hilton Jr. and Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History in York, South Carolina USA, phone (803) 684-5852. Contents of the overall project and this website--including photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in any way except with the express written permission of the author. To obtain permission or for further assistance on accessing this website, contact Webmaster.